Be Informed of the Canadian Legal System
The Canadian legal system is viewed as a complex code patterned after the common law system of the United Kingdom. For all acts to be enforceable statute, these acts of the Canadian law system have to be supremely controlled by the Constitution of Canada and to remain consistent with this Constitution. Its supreme law however is described as a much more complex process compared to a single document being ratified one time. The Canadian Constitutions has the independent sections that for over years been ratified separately and its acts were passed as simple statues in the legislature and later codified in the Constitution. There were some unwritten principles too that were further ruled in the Supreme Court of Canada relating to federalism, democracy, constitutionalism, the rule of law and respect for minorities.
One of the main acts of the Canadian Constitution in relation to the statutory amalgamation is the Constitution Act of 1847, and it states the powers of the federal government and the provincial governments. Among the powers under the federal government that are to be enforced would include criminal law, immigration, banking regulation, promotion of peace and order law in country, and the trade and commerce regulation in the provinces. The different areas on the other hand that the provincial governments control are the civil rights law, municipal law, hospital regulation and creation and education about government. Whenever there is a question on which entity has the right to constitutionally create some laws, it is the Supreme Court of Canada that will review the situation and will make the final and indisputable decision about the question.
For the whole nation of Canada, it is the Canadian Parliament is the active federal lawmaking entity, with its powers divided into three sections that include in the House of Commons, the Canadian Senate, and the monarch. Considered as passive and very symbolic, the role of the monarch in the Parliament is to grant the Royal Assent. Note that the Senate too serves similar function in the passing of the bill. Considered as the most important section of the Parliament is the House of Commons, and it contains 308 representatives being elected and re-elected on a yearly basis. Further, the House of Commons also has the responsibility of drafting and ratifying any proposed legislative acts, while the mere granting of assent falls on the Canadian Senate and monarch.
Although it is the Canadian Parliament that has the power to create laws regarding criminal law, each of the provinces is still responsible for the administration of provincial criminal courts that operates basing the common law.